Measures for handling areas at risk of fire and explosion as well as flammable substances in the company.
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Operational fire protection covers the handling of areas at risk of fire and explosion as well as flammable substances and mixtures in the company. It also regulates who is responsible for what in operational fire protection and which fire protection measures should be implemented in the company. In this blog article, we will give you a compact overview of the topic of "operational fire protection".
Workplace fire safety starts with knowledge of the causes of fires. The main causes of fires in workplaces are as follows:
1. Entrepreneurs and managers
The tasks regarding operational fire protection include:
Entrepreneurs and managers can appoint other persons to carry out their tasks, e.g. occupational safety specialists, fire safety officers, employees, etc.
2. Occupational safety specialists with fire protection knowledge
If a fire safety officer is present, then work together to protect operational processes in a fire-safe manner.
3. Fire safety officer
Fire safety officers are necessary in company fire protection if specific regulations such as building law, workplace law or the conditions of property insurers prescribe this. All tasks, qualifications and training of fire safety officers are described in DGUV 205-003.
The tasks of a fire safety officer in operational fire protection include, for example:
Duties relating to company fire protection include:
5. Safety officers
Tasks relating to occupational fire protection include:
6. Fire protection assistants
In principle, 5 % of the employees must be trained as fire protection assistants, unless the risk assessment shows a different number to be necessary. The tasks with regard to operational fire protection include:
If you have any questions about the responsibilities and tasks in company fire protection or need an external fire protection officer, please feel free to contact us.
A) Fire hazard area
B) Potentially explosive atmospheres
C) Flammable substances and mixtures in operation
In operational fire protection, we speak of fire-hazardous areas when flammable substances (e.g. solvents, petrol vapours, paper, wood, plastics, metal dusts) are present and there is a possibility that a fire may occur. Fire hazard areas include, for example:
We will support you in operational fire protection and the appropriate measures for the area at risk of fire, just write to us.
In operational fire protection, explosive atmospheres are those where a mixture of air and flammable gases, vapours, mists or dusts occurs which can develop into an effective source of ignition. These potentially explosive atmospheres include, for example:
Measures for operational fire protection are regulated in the Technical Rules for Operational Safety (see TRBS 2152) and the Technical Rules for Hazardous Substances (see TRGS 720ff) and depend on the classification in a hazard zone.
We support you in operational fire protection and the appropriate measures for the hazardous area, just write to us.
Flammable substances and mixtures in industrial fire protection include, for example, paints, varnishes and adhesives containing solvents, flammable sprays and gases, thinners and solvents, and flammable solids.
The Ordinance on Hazardous Substances stipulates that employers must check whether the substances, mixtures and products used can lead to fire hazards during activities, also taking into account the work equipment, processes and working environment used and their possible interactions. The measures of operational fire protection include:
We can support you in operational fire protection and the appropriate measures for handling flammable substances and mixtures, just write to us.
Escape routes and emergency exits are an essential part of operational fire protection and must be available at every workplace. An escape route is a way to leave a building safely and quickly in the event of a hazardous situation, such as a fire. Emergency exits are special exits that can be used in an emergency and lead directly outside.
Operational fire protection already starts here with the specifications from the fire protection concept or from the building permit procedure. Furthermore, additional requirements may arise from workplace legislation (ASR).
Safe implementation of operational fire protection. We draw up escape and rescue plans and mark the escape routes, please ask for a quote.
Escape routes must always be visible and safe to use, even if the general lighting fails; safety lighting provides orientation in the event of danger.
The Technical Rules for Workplaces (ASR A3 4/7) provide information on the planning and installation of safety lighting. Thus, safety lighting may be required if, for example, rooms have no daylight, large halls or offices have to be crossed or there are many people who are unfamiliar with the area. Operational fire protection is thus ensured.
We install, test and repair safety lighting. Please ask for a quotation.
The colours, shapes and symbols of prohibition, warning, mandatory and rescue signs are specified in the Technical Rules for Workplaces (ASR A1.3). Workers must be regularly trained on the meaning of these markings. Operational fire protection is supported by prevention work.
Workers must be instructed at appropriate intervals, but at least once a year, on the "principles of prevention" according to DGUV 1 or need an operating instruction if the activity involves handling hazardous substances. The instruction must be adapted to the employee's work area and may include, for example, the following:
The content as well as the time of the instruction must be recorded in writing and confirmed by the signature of the instructed person. Training and prevention are efficient measures for operational fire protection.
Operational fire protection and prevention belong together. We offer fire protection training and fire protection instruction, please ask for a quotation.
Not only the storage of flammable substances, but also the transport are part of operational fire protection.
Transport of flammable substances
Storage of flammable liquids and gases
Combustible dust can create a dangerous, explosive atmosphere by being stirred up. A dust explosion is to be expected if the grain size is smaller than 0.5 mm and there is a concentration of about 15g/m³ of dust in the air. Operational fire protection measures to prevent an explosive atmosphere may include the following:
Welding, cutting, soldering, thawing and abrasive cutting work and the heating of materials pose a particular fire hazard. Operational fire protection is particularly important for such work. Measures relating to operational fire protection are:
We support you in your company's fire protection; an external fire protection officer helps with risk assessment or fire watch. Please do not hesitate to ask for a quotation.
Corporate fire protection can only work if all those responsible take the task seriously and the legal requirements or specifications from the fire protection concept or the risk assessment are adhered to.
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